Your puppy will have had a Galaxy puppy shot (covers 5 different diseases) at 7 & 10 weeks and been wormed at 2, 4, and 7 weeks. When you take your puppy to the vet for its initial health check, you will want to discuss with him when he recommends the next shot or vaccination. Puppies are born with some immunities from the mother but these only last for a short period of time. Vaccinations and booster shots are to help the puppy raise their own immunity to diseases, so it's important to continue the vaccinations according to your vets recommendations. The only thing we ask is that you don't let your puppy get the lepto vaccine, toy dogs frequently have reactions to this shot and we don't give it for that reason. Until your puppy has completed it's full set of vaccinations it is not completely protected from dreaded diseases like parvo, distemper, and parainfluenza. We recommend you don't take your puppy to places where unvaccinated dogs might have been and your puppy could be exposed. Places like parks, Petsmart, and puppy kindergartens are great placed to socialize your puppy but not until the vaccination series is completed.
Yorkies, like may toy dogs, have a tendency to retain their puppy teeth. At around 5-6 months of age they will have most of their adult teeth in. If they have not lost these puppy teeth their teeth will be crowded and out of alignment. The overlapping teeth allow bacteria and tarter to build up rapidly which can lead to bad breath and premature loss of teeth. The puppy may need her baby teeth removed by the vet. Teeth are removed by the vet under anesthesia. Sometimes baby teeth can be loosened by letting the puppy chew on toys.
We don't recommend rawhide chews or pig ears. These can soften and puppy can choke on small pieces. Puppies love to chew and if you don't want them to chew on furniture or your belongings give the puppy her own toy to chew on. Greenies and Denta-bones are good for chewing and are digestible, just supervise the puppy to make sure she doesn't choke. Nyla-bones make good chewies and aren't digestible. Small braided cotton rope toys are good chewing and they help clean the teeth.
Brushing your Yorkies teeth daily is one of the best things your can do for your puppy's well-being. Tooth plaque and tarter along the the bacteria they attract can cause infections and bad breath. These infections can cause periodontal disease with tooth loss and the bacteria can spread into the bloodstream and cause damage to the kidneys and heart. Some dogs have more of a tendency to have difficulties than others. Brushing your Yorkies teeth with doggy toothpaste (it comes in meat flavored) can help prevent problems. If the dog does develop bad tarter it may have to be removed by cleaning under anesthesia. Your vet can do this 1-2 times yearly if needed. Giving your dog hard, dry food, hard treats and chew toys can help reduce tarter build up.
Spaying a female and neutering a male puppy is always a good choice for a pet Yorkie. Besides the health benefits of decreased chances of mammary, uterine, and testicular cancers and prostate problems you won't have to worry about messy female heat seasons twice yearly and the males are much less like to urine mark. Spay or neuter is best done when the puppy is young (before the first heat cycle for girls), they recover and heal faster.
Six months is a good time, if the puppy needs any teeth removed under anesthesia they can have the spay or neuter procedure at the same time. This saves the puppy from having to have anesthesia twice. Talk to your vet about the health reasons to spay or neuter and when he likes to schedule it.
Yorkies love to jump on couches and beds. This can damage their patella's (knees).
Discourage jumping by lifting puppy up and down to protect their knees. Encourage exercise inside and out to help muscles and joints stay strong and healthy.
Collapsing trachea (windpipe) can occur in small dogs like Yorkies. Can be from an injury or puppy can be born with it. Usually isn't a huge problem but to prevent it from happening don't let your groomer use a noose on the puppy's neck while grooming, and use a harness instead of a collar for walking.